The contribution of Kharkiv University scientists to the development of historical and legal science (first half of the XIX century)

Keywords: Ukraine, Law, Old Rus law, Kyiv Rus, the Rus’ka Pravda

Abstract

In the article, the author, based on the methodological principles of historicism, objectivity, systematics, explored the specific achievements of Kharkiv University scientists, who worked in the first half of the XIX century, in the formation and development of science History of State and Law. Their scientific works, in accordance with the main trend in the genesis of this science at that time, were centered around the law of Kyiv Rus and, in particular, the content of the Rus’ka Pravda (Russian Truth). This area of their activity is studied insufficiently in the scientific literature, both domestic and foreign. This is due to the fact that the main contribution to the development of these issues was made in the second half of the XIX century – then a significant number of works on this topic was published, which provided an opportunity for their systematic analysis. The activity of scientists of this university in the first half of the XIX century concerns the period of formation of historical and legal science. Hence the main shortcomings of their work: a certain fragmentation in the coverage of problems, a narrow historiographical base, the hypothetical nature of some theses. Professor Uspenskyi was the first who started working on the history of law at Kharkiv University and considered the question of “the antiquity of Russian laws and their dignity”. At that time, scholars of many universities in the empire had to prove the authenticity of the Rus’ka Pravda and those laws that was not yet generally accepted. O. Kunitsyn, a professor of Kharkiv University, also expressed some doubts in this, although he cannot be attributed entirely to the supporters of the “skeptical school” in Russian historiography. O. Paliumbetskyi made the most significant contribution to the development of historical and legal science at that time at Kharkiv University. He conducted one of the first comparative studies of Old German and Old Rus law, convincingly showed their differences, some influence of German law on Russian, which he considered insignificant. Quite thorough and one of the best was his study of treaties between Rus and Byzantium in the X century. Based on the provisions of these agreements, the scientist made a successful attempt to determine the essence of some of Old Rus laws, in particular on revenge, compensation to the victim and court evidence. Most of his arguments were tested over time and are not disputed by modern scientists. Scientists-lawyers of Kharkiv University in that period did not form a separate scientific school, as happened at the University of Kyiv due to the activities of M. Ivanishev, but they worked in line with the then prevailing paradigms in Russian historiography, and made a certain contribution to the formation of historical and legal science. Therefore, their scientific activity deserves further study.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bakirov, V. S., & Posokhov, S. I. (2002). Palyumbetsʹkyy Oleksandr Ivanovych [Palyumbetskyi Alexander Ivanovich]. Yurydychna entsyklopediya. Kyiv: Ukranian Entsyklopediya. Vol. 4. [in Ukrainian].

Bandurka, O. M., & Grechenko, V. A. (2018). Naukovyy dorobok istoryka prava profesora I. M. Sobestiansʹkoho. [Scientific achievements of the historian of law Professor I. M. Sobestianskyi] Pravo.UA. ‒ Pravo.UA, 1, 5-11. http://dspace.univd.edu.ua/xmlui/handle/123456789/3511 [in Ukrainian].

Chubinskуi, M. P. & Bagaley, D. I. (Ed.). (1908). Yuridicheskiy fakul'tet Khar'kovskogo universiteta za pervyye sto let yego sushchestvovaniya (1805-1905) [The Faculty of Law of Kharkiv University for the first hundred years of its existence (1805-1905)]. Khar'kov:Tipografiya «Pechatnoye delo» [in Russian].

Grechenko, V. A., & Yarmysh, O. N. (2017). Pochatky doslidzhenʹ istoriyi prava Kyyivsʹkoyi Rusi na ukrayinsʹkykh zemlyakh u 1810-kh rr. [The beginnings of research on the history of law of Kyiv Rus in the Ukrainian lands in the 1810s.]. Istoryko-pravovyy chasopys ‒ Historical and Legal Journal, 1(9), 16–21 [in Ukrainian]. http://194.44.187.5/bitstream/123456789/13270/1/4grechenko.pdf

Grechenko, V. A. (2014). Profesor S. V. Pakhman: zhyttya v nautsi ta nauka v zhytti. [Profesor S. V. Pahman : life in science and science in life]. Kharkivsʹkyy istoriohrafichnyy zbirnyk ‒ Kharkiv historiographical collection, 13,145-155. [in Ukrainian].

Holovko, A. N., & Grechenko, V. A. (2016). Die Rolle deutscher Wissenschaftler bei der Einführung der rechtsgeschichtlichen Schule von Derpt in Russland (erstes Drittel des XІX Jhds.) [The role of German scholars in the introduction of the Derpt school of legal history in Russia (first third of the XІX century)]. Recht der Osteuropäischen Staaten ‒ Law of the Eastern European States, 4, 175-191 [in German].

Ikonnikov, V. (1871). Skepticheskaya shkola v russkoy istoriografii i yeya protivniki. [Skeptic school in Russian historiography and its opponents]. Kiev: V universitetskoy tipografii [in Russian].

Kachenovskyi, M. T. (1829). Moy vzglyad na Russkuyu Pravdu.[My view on Russian Truth]. Vestnik Yevropy ‒ Bulletin of Europe, 13, 106-113. [in Russian].

Kanzafarova, I. S. (Ed.), Bachur, B. S., Podrezova, M. A., Koval, I. N., Truba V. I., & Tolkachenko, E. V. et al. (2015). Sluzhiteli Femidy: stranitsy istorii yuridicheskogo obrazovaniya i nauki v Imperatorskom Novorossiyskom – Odesskom natsional'nom universitete imeni I. I. Mechnikova (1865-2015 gg.) [Servants of Themis: pages of the history of legal education and science at the Imperial Novorossiysk - Mechnikov I. I. Odessa National University (1865‒2015)] Odessa: Astroprint [in Russian].

Kunitsyn, A. V. (1844). O pravakh nasledstva zhenskogo pola: rech' chitannaya v torzhestvennom sobranii universiteta 1844. [On the rights of female inheritance: speech read at the solemn meeting of the university 1844]. Khar'kov: V universitetskoy tip. [in Russian].

Paliumbetskyi, A. (1844). O sisteme sudebnykh dokazatel'stv drevnego germanskogo prava sravnitel'no s Russkoyu Pravdoyu i pozdneyshimi russkimi zakonami, nakhodyashchimisya s nim v blizhayshem sootnoshenii. Rassuzhdeniye, napisannoye ad"yunktom A. Palyumbetskim dlya polucheniya stepeni doktora prava.[On the system of judicial evidence of ancient German law in comparison with Rus’ka Pravda and later Russian laws that are in close correlation with it.] Khar'kov: V Universitetskoy tipografii. [in Russian].

Shletser, A. L. (1816) Nestor: Russkiye letopisi na drevneslavyanskom yazyke, slichennyye, perevedennyye i ob"yasnennyye Avgustom Lyudovikom Shletserom, nadvornym sovetnikom, doktorom i professorom Gettinskogo universiteta, i kavalerom ordena sv. ravnoapostol'nogo knyaza Vladimira 4 stepeni. Chast' II. Nestor / Russian chronicles in Old Slavonic, collated, translated and explained by August Ludovic Schletzer, court counselor, doctor and professor at the University of Gettin, and holder of the Order of St. Equal to the Apostles Prince Vladimir 4 degrees. Part II.Sankt-Peterburg: V Imperatorskoy tipografii. Perev. Yazykova. pp. 693‒694. [in Russian].

Uspenskyi, G. P. (1902). [Uspenskyi Gavrila Petrovich]. Entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' (v 86 tomakh). Vol. 35(69): Usinskiy pogranichnyy okrug ‒ Fenol/Pod redaktsieyu K. K. Arsen'yeva i zasluzhennago professora F. F. Petrushevskago. Izdateli: F. A. Brokgauz" (Leyptsig"), I. A. Yefron" (S.-Peterburg"). S.-Peterburg": Semenovskaya Tipo-Litografiya (I. A. Yefrona). [in Russian].

Uspenskiy, G. P. (1818). Opyt povestvovaniya o drevnostyakh russkikh.Chast' vtoraya. [The experience of narrating about Russian antiquities. Part two]. Khar'kov: V universitetskoy tipografii. [in Russian].

Yehorova, O. V. (2004). Yurydychna osvita v universytetakh Ukrayiny XIX – pochatku XX st. (etapy ta osoblyvosti rozvytku) [Legal education in universities of Ukraine of the XIX - the beginning of the XX century. (Stages and features of development)]:dys. kand..ist.nauk.spets.07.00.01-istoriya Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsʹk. [in Ukrainian].

Zaruba, V. M. (2010). Ohlyad istoriyi vyvchennya ukrayinsʹkoho prava. [Review of the history of the study of Ukrainian law]. Naukovyy visnyk Dnipropetrovsʹkoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav ‒ Scientific Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk State University of Internal Affairs, 3, 61-69 [in Ukrainian].


Abstract views: 223
PDF Downloads: 96
Published
2020-12-12
How to Cite
Grechenko, V. (2020). The contribution of Kharkiv University scientists to the development of historical and legal science (first half of the XIX century). History of Science and Technology, 10(2), 293-303. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2020-10-2-293-303