Motorcycle MT10-36 as a landmark of science and technology
Based on the source and comparative analysis of the history of creation, design, and production of the Kyiv Motorcycle Works’ motorcycles, the value of the MT10-36 motorcycle as the landmark of science and technology has been determined. It has been shown that the development of a new engine and MT10-36 motorcycle was, first of all, the initiative of the plant’s engineers. Ovcharenko M. completed the development of a 650 cubic capacity boxer engine. The design of new units and a vehicle outpaced the technological capabilities of the plant. This led to a delay in introducing new technology into production. The involvement of the Foundry Department of the Kyiv Polytechnic Institute under the leadership of K. Vashchenko made it possible to improve the production technology of the motorcycle engine. The reliability of the engine has increased. The design of the engine of the Kyiv Motorcycle Works was in line with the tendencies of the world motorcycle industry. On the basis of a comparative analysis of the MT10-36 motorcycle design and the Ural motorcycle of the Irbit plant (Russian Federation), the strengths and weaknesses of the vehicle design have been determined. Selected episodes of sales of the Kyiv Motorcycle Plant’s motorcycles within the country and abroad have been highlighted. It has been highlighted that the motorcycle was operated in conditions that did not reveal its speed and transport capabilities. The motorcycle’s design outpaced the pace of development of transport infrastructure (highways). The basic principles of museification of motor vehicles have been considered. It has been noted that one of the valuable qualities of the landmark of technology is the reflection of the peculiarities of the use of the object and its change after leaving the plants’ shop. Some aspects of the principles of technique restoration as a material historical source with the optimal preservation of the landmark and the information reflected in it have been considered. It has been concluded that the MT10-36 motorcycle meets the criteria of the landmark of science and technology in the broad sense of this concept. The motorcycle embodies the original technical solutions of native engineers, reflects the level of development of domestic technology and illustrates the practice of operating motorcycle technology.
As, O. (2017). Kak sozdavalsya imidzh sovetskoy tehniki za rubezhem [How the image of Soviet technology was created abroad]. Retrieved from http://motostrangers.ru/motorcycles/kak-sozdavalsya-imidzh-sovetskoj-tehniki-za-rubezhom/ [in Russian].
Auto24. (2019). Chomu inozemtsi vyvoziat z Ukrainy mototsikly MT "Dnipro" [Why do foreigners export Dnipro motorcycles from Ukraine]. Retrieved from https://auto.24tv.ua/chomu_inozemtsi_vyvoziat_z_ukrainy_mototsykly_mt_dnipro_n12177 [in Ukrainian].
Auto consulting. (2019). Kakim byil pervyii ukrainskii mototsikl [What was the first Ukrainian motorcycle]. Retrieved from http://autoconsulting.ua/article.php?sid=45115 [in Russian].
Auto consulting. (2020). Kievskomu motozavodu ispolnilos 75 let [Kiev Motorcycle Plant is 75 years old]. Retrieved from https://www.autoconsulting.com.ua/article.php?sid=47355 [in Russian].
Avtoeksport. (1979). Mototsikl «Dnepr» MT10-36. Instruktsiia po ekspluatatsii [Motorcycle “Dnepr” VT10-36. Operating instructions]. Moskva: Avtoeksport [in Russian].
Bashtova, L. S. (2020). Profesor K. I. Vashchenko – orhanizator matalurhiinoho fakultetu KPI (do 120 richchia vid dnia narodzhennia) [Professor K. Vashchenko is the organizer of the metallurgical faculty of KPI (to the 120th anniversary of his birth)]. Materialy 19-yi Vseukrainskoi naukovoi konferentsii «Aktualni pytannia istorii nauky i tekhniky» – Materials1 of the 9th All-Ukrainian science conferences “Actual nutrition of the history science and technology”. Kyiv: KPI [in Ukrainian].
Bondar, V. (2014). Suchasna ukraiinska istoriografiia: pidsumky i vyklyky [Contemporary Ukrainian historiography: results and challenges]. Istoriografichni doslidzhennia v Ukraini – Historiographical research in Ukraine, 25, 95–113. Retrieved from http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/95364/06-Bondar.pdf?sequence=1 [in Ukrainian].
Braun, R. (2003). Mototsіkly: entsiklopediya [Motorcycles: encyclopedia]. Moskva: OOO Izdatelstvo «Rosme-Press» [in Russian].
Cole, L. (2020). Classic Car Museum Guide: Motor Cars, Motorcycles and Machinery. Pen and Sword Transport.
Dewey, Ch. (2018). Motorcycle Collector Talks “American Icon: The Art of the Motorcycle”. Retrieved from https://www.grmag.com/entertainment/motorcycle-collector-talks-american-icon-the-art-of-the-motorcycle/ .
Firsov, A.V. (2012). Boris Lutskiy – sozdatel pervogo v mire motorizovannogo velosipeda klassicheskoy komponovki s dvigatelem vnutrennego sgoraniya [Boris Loutzky – Creator of the world’s first motorized bicycle classic layout with a combustion engine]. Doslidzhennya z istorii tehniky – Research in History of Technology, 4, 42–49. Retrieved from http://journal.museum.kpi.ua/archive/2012-vol-16/RHT-issue-16-title-03-Firsov.pdf [in Russian].
Gantriis, P. (2013). The Art of BMW: 90 Years of Motorcycle Excellence. Motorbooks International.
Griffen, L. O., & Konstantinov, V. O. (2008). Ukrainskiy tehnichniy muzey [Ukrainian Technical Museum]. Nizhyn: Aspekt-Polіgraf [in Ukrainian].
Griffen, L. O., (Eds.). (2014). Aktualіzatsіya naukovo-tehnichnoi spadschini v pamiatkoohoronnii ta muzeynii diyalnosti [Actualization of scientific and technical heritage in monument protection and museum activities]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Gurnak, V. M., & Ananchenko, O. E. (2012). Vysvitlennya vazhlyvih podiy poviazanih z avtomobilnym transportom [Coverage of important events related to road transport]. Visnyk Natsionalnogo transportnogo universytetu – Herald of the National Transport University, 26(2), 512–525. Retrieved from http://publications.ntu.edu.ua/visnyk/26_2_2013/512-525.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Krens, T., & Drutt, M. (1998). The Art of the Motorcycle (New York: The Guggenheim Museum, 1998); see also Michael Kimmelman, "Machines As Art, And Art As Machine". New York Times.
Luparenko, H. V. (2020). Mototsykl MT10-36 “Dnipro” yak vtilennia vnesku spivrobitnykiv KPI v motobuduvannia [The MT10-36 “Dnipro” motorcycle is used to bring sportsmen KPI into the motorcycle]. Materialy 19-yi Vseukrainskoi naukovoi konferentsii «Aktualni pytannia istorii nauky i tekhniky» – Materialsof the 19th All-Ukrainian science conferences “Actual nutrition of the history science and technology”. Kyiv: KPI [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266967
Nikonchuk, D. O. (2018). Modernizatsiia bloku prigotuvannia goriuchoii sumishi v mototsiklah seriii «Dnipro» [Modernization of the unit of mixture preparation in motorcycles of the Dnipro series]. Pytannia istorii nauky i tehniky –Issues on the history of science and technology, 3, 39–43. Retrieved from http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/163556/08-Nikonchuk.pdf?sequence=1 [in Ukrainian].
Nikonchuk, D. O. (2019). Mototsykl yak pamiatka istorii tekhniky: konstruktsiia, rozvytok, vyznachennia [Motorcycle as a landmark to the history of technology, construction, development, definition]. Pytannia istorii nauky i tehniky – Issues on the history of science and technology, 1, 70–76 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3974472
Ocherki po istorii KMZ (versiya konstruktora KMZ) 1963–1972. (2019). [Essays on the history of KMZ (designer version) 1963–1972]. Retrieved from https://oppozit.ru/article104747.html [in Russian].
Ovcharenko, N., & Shypota, F. (1976). Modernizirovannyii dvigatel Dnepra [Upgraded Dnipro engine]. Za rulem – Behind the wheel, 10, 22–23 [in Russian].
Pevzner, E. (1994). Mototsikly iz Harkova [Motorcycles from Kharkov]. Retrieved from http://www.kolyaska.pl/charkow.html [in Russian].
Pylypchuk, O., & Strelko, O. (2018). Istorychnyi analiz vplyvu diialnosti S. Iu. Vitte na rozvytok zaliznychnoho transportu u Rosiiskii imperii [Historical analysis of the influence of S. Yu. Witte on the development of rail transport in the Russian Empire]. Історія науки і техніки – History of science and technology, 8(2(13), 353–367 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-2(13)-353-367
Shypota, F. (1986). Dvigatel MT-10-32 [MT-10-36 engine]. Za rulem – Behind the wheel, 1, 30 [in Russian].
Sukhovskii, S. (2004). Kievskomu mototsikletnomu zavodu – 60 let: Istoki «Dnepra» [Kiev Motorcycle Plant is 60 years old: The origins of the Dnieper]. Retrieved from https://www.autocentre.ua/news/retro/kievskomu-mototsikletnomu-zavodu-60-let-istoki-dnepra-291156.html [in Russian].
Yarmak, Ya. (1977). Dnepr MT-10-36. Modernizirovannyiy mototsikl Dnepr [Dnepr MT-10-36. Upgraded motorcycle Dnepr]. Za rulem – Behind the wheel, 3, 12–13 [in Russian].
Yermolaieva, I. V. (2015). Formy ta metody zbyrannya i komplektuvannya kolektsii v memorialnomu kompleksi «Natsionalnii muzei istorii Velikoi Vitchyznianoii viyny 1941–1945 rokiv» [Forms and methods of collecting and completing collections in the memorial complex “National Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945”]. Retrieved from http://www.museum.dp.ua/article_2015_30.html [in Ukrainian].
Zapisnaya knizhka mototsiklista. (2015). Istoriia Kievskogo mototsikletnogo Zavoda [History of the Kiev motorcycle plant]. Retrieved from http://itmir.org/moto/?p=387 [in Russian].
Abstract views: 437 PDF Downloads: 225
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
License terms: authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
The scanned copy of the "Agreement” on the authors" copyright transfer on the manuscript publication and the subsequent posting of the paper on the Internet (in * .pdf or * .jpg format) is to be attached to the manuscript of the paper.
By this agreement the author certifies that the submitted material:
- does not infringe the copyright of other persons or organizations;
- was not previously published in other publishing houses and has not been submitted for publication in other editions.
The author passes the editorial board of the journal "History of science and technology" rights to:
- publication of the article in Ukrainian (English and Russian) language and distribution of its printed copy;
- translation of the article into English language (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian language) and distribution of its translated printed copy;
- distribution of the article electronic copy, as well as electronic copy of the article English translation (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian), via any electronic means (placing on the official web-site of the journal, electronic databases, repositories, etc.) printed copy of the translation.
The author reserves the right without the consent of the editorial board and founders:
- Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for educational purposes.
- Use the materials of the article in whole or in part to write their own dissertations.
- Use the materials of the article for the preparation of abstracts, conference reports, as well as oral presentations.
- Place electronic copies of the article (including the final electronic copy downloaded from the official web-site of the journal) to:
- personal web-resources of all authors (web-sites, web-pages, blogs, etc.);
- web-resources of institutions where authors work (including electronic institutional repositories);
- non-commercial web-resources of open access (for example, arXiv.org).
In all cases, the availability of a bibliographic link to an article or hyperlink to its electronic copy on the official website of the journal is compulsory.