Engineer of the communication lines Mykola Pavlovych Petrov (1836–1920): factors for his scientific views’ formation
The article reviews the factors of the scientific views’ formation of Mykola Pavlovych Petrov – formidable Russian scientist and engineer in relation to his administrative efforts of development of the native scientific and technical community XIX–XX. The special focus was made on the biographical component, especially his study in Petersburg institutions. The crucial impact on the scientific destiny of M. P. Petrov was made by his studying in the Engineer Academy. In that time the intellectual basement for the future activities was formed. As a matter of fact, later M.P. Petrov became the formidable engineer and scientist. M. P. Petrov was the student of the formidable mathematician, academician of the Petersburg Academy of Science Mykhailo Vasylovych Ostrohradskyi (1801–1862). M. P. Petrov gained a lot of useful skills and knowledge from his teacher. Among those the following: high mathematical culture, abstract thinking, knowledge of the theoretical and practical problems in various areas of science, especially the ones that were related to railway transport. Work as the lecturer in the Technological Institute, communication with I. A. Vyshniehradskyi, A. P. Borodin and other scientists and specialists played a role of some kind of push for M. P. Petrov to study applied disciplines, mainly related to the friction of lubricated materials. Among the teachers of M. P. Petrov in the Academy was Herman Yehorovych Pauker (1822–1889). M. P. Petrov always recalled him as the wonderful engineer and teacher, who was the creator of the school for the engineers-teachers. The main goal of the school was the harmonious connection between engineer work and science. In the Academy M. P. Petrov met the lecturer of mechanics of the Institute of the communication paths engineer corps Stanislav Valerianovych Kerbedz. During the studying in the Academy M. P. Petrov was formed as the future scientist and specialist, who had the character which helped him to communicate easily with people. He had humane views and always acted alone and fairly. These features of his character in conjunction with his great mind helped him to achieve all his goals while solving the complicated engineer and administrative tasks. Aspiration to knowledge, original and brave thinking were among the main features of M. P. Petrov`s nature.
Akhmietov, A. S. (1965). Nikolaj Pavlovich Petrov. Lyudi russkoj nauki: Tekhnika.– People of the Russian science: Technics. Moskva: Nauka [in Russian].
Burhvyts, A. H. (1984). Trudy N. P. Petrova i gidrodinamicheskaya teoriya smazki. [Works of N. P. Petrov and hydrodynamic theory of lubrication]. Trenie i iznos – Friction and wear and tear, 5(3), 531–537 [in Russian].
Ostrogradskyi Mykhail Vasyliovych. Retrieved from https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Остроградский_Михаил_Васильевич
Pauker Herman Egorovych. Retrieved from https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Паукер,_Герман_Егорович
Petrov, S. N. (1925). Nikolaj Pavlovich Petrov. Ocherk zhizni i idej. [Nikolaj Pavlovich Petrov. Essay of the life and ideas]. Leningrad: Russkoe tekhnicheskoe obshhestvo [in Russian].
Petrov, N. P. (1889). Soprotivlenie poezda na zheleznoi doroge. Kurs dlya Sankt-Peterburgskogo Prakticheskogo Tekhnologicheskogo instituta [Resistance of the train on the railway. Course for the Petersburg Practical Technological institute]. Sankt-Petersburg: Petersburg Practical Technological institute [in Russian].
Petrov, N.P. (1883). Trenie v mashinakh i vliyanie na nego smazy`vayushhikh masel. [Friction in machines and influence of the lubricating oils on it]. Inzhenernyj zhurnal – Engineer magazine, 1, 71–140 [in Russian].
Petrov Nikolai Pavlovych. Retrieved from https://biblioclub.ru/index.php?page=author_red&id=13118&contrast=1
Pylypchuk, O. Y., & Strelko, O. H. (2018). Trynadtsiatyi Ministr shliakhiv spoluchennia Rosiiskoi Imperii Hiubbenet Adolf Yakovych (1831–1901) [The thirteenth Minister of Railways of the Russian Empire Hiubbenet Adolf Yakovych (1831–1901)]. Istoriia nauky i tekhniky – History of science and technology, 8(1(12), 39-52. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-1(12)-39-52 [in Ukrainian].
Strelko, O. H. (2016). Herman Yehorovych Pauker (1822-1889): zhyttia ta diialnist [Herman Egorovich Pauker (1822-1889): life and work]. Eminak – Eminak, 3(2), 103-108 [in Ukrainian].
Tretyakov, A. (1948). Vydayushhijsya russkij uchenyj N. P. Petrov. [Formidable Russian scientist N. P. Petrov]. Zheleznodorozhnyj transport – Railway transport, 8, 76-81 [in Russian].
Vyshnegradskyi Ivan Oleksijovych. Retrieved from https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Вишнеградський_Іван_Олексійович
Zenzinov, N. A., Ryzhak, S. A. (1978). Prizvanie i priznanie (ob N. P. Petrove). [Recognition and calling (about N. P. Petrov)]. Vydayushhiesya inzhenery i uchenye zheleznodorozhnogo transporta – Formidable engineers and scientists of the railway transport. Moskva: Transport [in Russian].
Yanin, V. A. (2018). L.S. Lebedianskyi: uchast u stvorenni vantazhnoho parovozu serii FD [L. S. Lebedyanskyi: participation in the creation of the freight steam FD locomotive]. Istoriia nauky i tekhniky – History of science and technology, 8(1(12), 107-116. https://doi.org/10.32703/2415-7422-2018-8-1(12)-107-116 [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 304 PDF Downloads: 209
Copyright (c) 2020 History of science and technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
License terms: authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
The scanned copy of the "Agreement” on the authors" copyright transfer on the manuscript publication and the subsequent posting of the paper on the Internet (in * .pdf or * .jpg format) is to be attached to the manuscript of the paper.
By this agreement the author certifies that the submitted material:
- does not infringe the copyright of other persons or organizations;
- was not previously published in other publishing houses and has not been submitted for publication in other editions.
The author passes the editorial board of the journal "History of science and technology" rights to:
- publication of the article in Ukrainian (English and Russian) language and distribution of its printed copy;
- translation of the article into English language (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian language) and distribution of its translated printed copy;
- distribution of the article electronic copy, as well as electronic copy of the article English translation (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian), via any electronic means (placing on the official web-site of the journal, electronic databases, repositories, etc.) printed copy of the translation.
The author reserves the right without the consent of the editorial board and founders:
- Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for educational purposes.
- Use the materials of the article in whole or in part to write their own dissertations.
- Use the materials of the article for the preparation of abstracts, conference reports, as well as oral presentations.
- Place electronic copies of the article (including the final electronic copy downloaded from the official web-site of the journal) to:
- personal web-resources of all authors (web-sites, web-pages, blogs, etc.);
- web-resources of institutions where authors work (including electronic institutional repositories);
- non-commercial web-resources of open access (for example, arXiv.org).
In all cases, the availability of a bibliographic link to an article or hyperlink to its electronic copy on the official website of the journal is compulsory.